Theory:

Nathaniel Hawthorne is an interesting, fanciful Short story writer of American Literature. He was born on July \(4\), \(1804\) in Salem, Massachusetts and lived till May \(19\), \(1864\). His excellence in composition made him an excellent short story writer after a few years of his graduation. His works focuses more on Morality, history and religion. And it centres around New England, featuring moral metaphors with an anti-Puritan inspiration. His first novel, 'Fanshawewas published in the year \(1828\) which he felt it to be of low quality, compared with his later novels. He also published some of his short stories in periodicals, collectively called as "Twice-Told Tales".
 
Most of his fiction works are attributed to the part of the Romantic movement during the nineteenth century, especially, dark romanticism. His themes regularly focus on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include short stories, novels, and a biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce, the fourteenth President of the United States.
 
nathaniel hawthor draft.png
Nathaniel Hawthorne
 
S. No.
Hawthorne's major works
1.
The Hollow of the Three Hills
2.
An Old Woman’s Tale
3.
My Kinsman, Major Molineux
4.
Roger Malvin’s Burial
5.
Young Goodman Brown - Greatest tale of witchcraft
6.
The Scarlet Letter - Masterpiece
 
Hawthorne's work involves more of quest and symbolism. The image of The Great Stone Face is a symbolic element, which represents an abstract idea, on which Earnest will construct his quest in life. Right from the introductory section of the story, we can easily figure out the elements of symbolism and quest in it; as, The Great Stone Face symbolizes divine qualities such as nobility, wisdom, greatness, etc. These two elements give life to the whole plot, woven around the protagonist of the story.
Reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hawthorne
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hawthorne#/media/File:Nathaniel_Hawthorne_by_Brady,_1860-64.jpg