The number factor is calculated as the quantity that is the accurate divisor of that number.
Assume that we have to find the factors of a number \(12\). Think of all the numbers that you can multiply together to get \(12\).
3×4 = 12 ; 2×6 = 12 ; 1×12  = 12
This shows that the factors of \(12\) are \(1\), \(2\), \(3\), \(4\), \(6\), and \(12\).
Facts about factors:
  • The number \(1\) and the number itself are always factors of that number.
  • Every factor of a number is an exact divisor of that number.
  • Every factor is equal to or smaller than the given number.
  • The provided number is divided equally by any element of a number.
  • A given number has a finite number of factors.