Methods to find the rational number between any two rational numbers:
Method 1: [Average method]
- Let the rational number be \(a\) and \(b\).
- Add \(a\) and \(b\) and divide the sum by \(2\). That is, \((a+b)/2\) which might lie in between those two number.
- To get another rational number, find the average of \(c\) and \(a\). For one more rational number, find the average of \(c\) and \(b\). In this way, you can find the infinite number of irrational between two rational numbers.
Method 2: [Same denominator method]
This method gives all the required number of rational numbers between \(a\) and \(b\) in one step.
If we want to find \(n\) rational numbers between the numbers \(a\) and \(b\), we write \(a\) and \(b\) as rational numbers with denominator \(n + 1\). That is, make it as . Now we can verify that the numbers between and are all rational numbers between \(a\) and \(b\).
Let the rational numbers be \(6\) and \(7\). Now follow the steps to find the rational numbers.
Add the rational numbers \(6\) and \(7\) and divide the sum by \(2\).
That is .
Now let's use the second method to find the set of four rational between the numbers \(6\) and \(7\).
Here \(a = 6, b = 7\) and \(n = 4\).
Substituting the known values, we will have
Thus the number between \(30/5\) and \(35/5\) are \(31/5, 32/5, 33/5\) and \(34/5\).
Therefore, the four rational numbers are \(31/5, 32/5, 33/5\) and \(34/5\).
In the same way, we can find as many rational numbers between two rational numbers. Thus, there are infinitely many rational numbers between any two given rational numbers.
Rational number \(Q\) does not have a unique representation in the form of \(p/q\).
and so on. These are called an equivalent rational number.