The cotton plant is a shrub, grown in the fields having black soil and a warm climate. If you see a cotton field that is ready for picking, that looks like a land filled with snow.
The fruits of the cotton plant (cotton balls) are about the size of a lemon in white color. After maturing, the balls burst open, and then the seeds covered with cotton fibres can be seen.
Then next the fibres are separated from the seeds by combing. This process is called the ginning of cotton. Usually, this ginning process was done by hand but these days, machines are also used for ginning.
We all have used or seen in our daily life the materials such as gunny sacks, sapling bags, upholstery, carpet, rugs, most of these products were made of jute.
Now, we will learn about how fibres of jute are extracted, where it is planted extensively in India its advantages and disadvantages.
Pictured: Jute plant
Pictured: Jute fibre
Jute fibre is cultivated from the stem of the jute plant.
|Where is it grows well, and why?|
|What are they made of?||Jute fibres are composed of cellulose and lignin.|
|What are the kinds of jutes?||Two kinds of jute are produced today: White jute and brown jute.|
|How is it extracted from a jute plant?|
|Advantages of jute fibre||Jute fibres are strong, cost-effective, versatile, and anti-static.|
|Disadvantages of jute fibre||Fibres of Jute are capable to lose its strength if exposed to water, prone to creasing and juts will lose its color if it exposed to sunlight.|
Jute plant picture: Malcolm Manners from Lakeland FL, USA, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jute_Field_Bangladesh_(7749587518).jpg