Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy, and soil plays a very important in it. Different types of crops requires suitable soils for their growth and cultivation.
Soil is a significant natural resource. Soil can be categorised into different types, each with distinct characteristics that provide crop growing benefits and limitations.
When the similar kinds of plants are grown in the fields on a large scale to obtain food like cereals, pulses, vegetables and fruits, they are called Crops.
Various types of soil are present in distinct parts of India. Soil is mostly affected by wind, rainfall, temperature, light and humidity. Several climatic factors also affect the soil profile and bring transitions in the soil structure. The factors mentioned above that affect the soil influence vegetation in an area. Vegetation area can be forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. Vegetation is mostly in the fertile upper soil of the earth and covers the soil like a green sheet spread on its surface. 
Clayey soil and loamy soil are suitable for growing cereals like wheat and gram. Such soils are good at retaining water.

Clayey soils are rich in organic matter and soils with adequate capacity to retain water. Crops such as wheat and paddy are grown in the fine clayey soils because they are rich in humus and are very fertile.
With high draining capacity, Loamy soil can hold plenty of water suitable for growing lentils (masoor), cotton, and other pulses.
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Type of Soil
Crops Grown
Sandy soil   
 Hibiscus, Carrot, Corn,  Lettuce, Potato, Peppers.
Clayey soil     
 Wheat, Broccoli, Cabbage, Gram,  Paddy, Lentils and pulses
Loamy soil 
wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds.
A few plants do not require soil to grow. Instead, they can grow in water. These types of plants are termed as hydroponic plants.