Due to a wide range of factors such as rainfall and climatic conditions, the distribution of water across the globe is not even.

Certain places are rich in water due to good amount of rainfall at that place, and other places like the deserts have scanty rainfall.
Rainfall in India
India is a country where the rainfall is not the same everywhere. Places like Rajasthan get very low rainfall and hence have less water. This may lead to droughts. On the other hand, places like Meghalaya have excessive rainfall, thereby causing floods.
A group of social workers transformed the Alwar district in Rajasthan, which is a dry area into a green place. They have revived the five dried up rivers such as Averi, Ruparel, Sarsa, Bhagani and Jahazwali by constructing structures involved with water harvesting.
Bhujpur is a place in the Kutch area of Gujrat where the rainfall is very erratic. As the rivers in these areas do not have water throughout the year, the only source of freshwater is the underground water. The withdrawal of the groundwater has far exceeded recharge as the demand for water has grown over the years. Due to this, the water table has gone down.

The villagers, along with the non-governmental organization, began to harvest the rainwater in 1989 by building 18 check-dams on the Rukmavati river and its tributaries. Due to this, the water which was collected increased percolation through the soil and thus recharged the aquifers, thereby filling up the wells and preventing the freshwater from mixing up with the seas.
Thus India is a country in which some regions may have floods, and the others may have droughts at the same time.