Theory:

• The nucellus is the essential part of the ovule, surrounded by two integuments and has a micropyle opening.
• A stalk known as the funiculus connects the ovule to the ovary wall.
• Chalaza is the basal part.
Anatropous ovule
Embryo sac:
Structure of embryo sac

The embryo sac of the ovule contains $$7$$cells and $$8$$nuclei located within the nucellus.
• Out of the seven cells, three cells are located at the micropylar end and form the egg apparatus.
• The remaining three cells are at the chalaza end form the antipodal cells.
• The remaining two nuclei are called polar nuclei and are present at the centre.
• In the egg apparatus, one forms the female gamete or egg cell, and the remaining two cells are the synergids.
Process of sexual reproduction in flowering plants involves two processes:
• Pollination
• Fertilization
Pollination and its types:
The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a flower is called pollination.
Types of pollination:

Pollination is of two types. They are:
1. Self-pollination
2. Cross pollination

Types of pollination

Importance of pollination:
• It leads to fertilization which results in the formation if fruits and seeds.
• As a result of pollination new varieties of plants are formed by the combination of genes (in cross pollination).
Reference:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Embryosac-en.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ovule_morphology_anatropous.svg