Besides food, medicine, and fibre, plants are used to yield timber. Timber is the wood obtained to build houses, furniturehandicrafts, toys, musical instruments, carving etc.
The wood that are required for these purposes are obtained from certain plants. Features of wood that are used as timber:
  1. Durability
  2. Strength
  3. Stylish finishing
  4. Hardness
  5. Resistant to the changes in temperature
  6. Low moisture content
  7. Texture according to the usage  
Timbers are classified into two according to their structure:
  • Hardwoods
  • Softwoods
Hardwoods are obtained mostly from dicots and angiosperms (the largest group of land plants) that are flowering plants. Hardwoods are hard and heavy with a rough texture. Decks, high-quality furniture, wooden constructions, hardwood flooring, and boat-building are hardwood uses.
Wood obtained from Teak, Jackfruit, Oak, Mahogany, Walnut, Beech, Hickory, Maple, Cherry etc.
BeFunky-collage (13).png
Teak wood
Softwoods are obtained from gymnosperms which are non-flowering trees. Few angiosperms also produce softwood. Softwood is soft and light that has a fine texture. They have comparatively lower density than the hardwoods. Softwoods are easier to curve and use and thus have higher workability than that of the hardwoods.
They have a wide range of applications which include making plywood, wooden boxes, medium-density-fibreboard (MDF), home cabins and furniture, ladder, and also for production of paper pulp
(making paper).
Wood obtained from Pine, Katampu, Cedar, Douglas fir, Juniper, Redwood, Spruce etc.
BeFunky-collage (14).png
Pine wood
Composite wood:
Composite wood is manufactured from a variety of materials. The variety of materials are combined to make them stronger and durable.
Plywood is a composite wood that are created by finely cutting wooden boards from wood. These are layered one above the other as thin laminating thin sheets of wood. These together makes a thicker and stronger final product.