Theory:

The potential to cause injury, ill health or damage to the human being and their property or their environment is known as hazard.
Hazards in silk industry:
As the silk industry workers stand for a long time to reel the silk into yarn, they are mostly affected with arthritis. They also develop problems such as back pain, skin injuries and creative problem.
 
As their work area is poorly ventilated, they also suffer from respiratory problems such as asthma and bronchitis.
 
512px-Asthma_(Lungs).png
Asthama
 
Bronchitis.png
Bronchitis
 
When the workers are in constant exposure to the boiling of cocoons, the skin becomes raw and blistered, leading to the peeling of the skin of hands and feet, leading to diseases like scabies.
Hazards in wool industry:
When the workers are exposed to various chemicals and detergents in the wool industry, it causes allergies to the skin.
People working in this industry can also get infected by an anthrax bacterium that causes a fatal blood disease called Sorter disease.
OSC_Microbio_21_02_anthrax.jpg
Anthrax and Bacillus anthracis
 
Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracisdue to handling contaminated hair and contact with livestock during hair processing.
The symptoms of this disease include fever, cough and shortness of breath, similar to pneumonia. At some times, it also causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Treatment:
  • In order to treat anthrax, Penicillin or Ciprofloxacin is given as the best medicine.
  • In order to prevent the spreading of the disease, the animals are to be vaccinated and by burning or burial of infected animal's carcases.
  • It is mandatory that the employer should take care of the industrial workers, provide them hygienic and a well-ventilated place to work.
Ahimsa silk:
It is also known as peace silk. In Hindi the word Ahimsa means non-violence. It is a method of non-violent silk breeding and harvesting.
 
Kusuma Rajaiah, a Government officer from Andhra Pradesh state of India, proposed ahimsa way of silk production in \(1992\). This is a method in which silk is made without killing the silkworms. It is a humane method in which the worms are allowed to hatch and then to use vacant cocoons.
 
Cut-cocoon.jpg
Hatched cocoon
 
The traditional method of silk manufacture is a method that involves the boiling of cocoons of the silkworms and then sorting out the threads that are used in the production of silk. This method has been supported by the people who are interested in the welfare of animals.
Reference:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Asthma_%28Lungs%29.png/512px-Asthma_%28Lungs%29.png
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Bronchitis.png/512px-Bronchitis.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cut-cocoon.jpg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/OSC_Microbio_21_02_anthrax.jpg/512px-OSC_Microbio_21_02_anthrax.jpg