What is nomenclature?
The system of naming organisms is known as nomenclature.
Importance of nomenclature:
Nomenclature is a system that helps people to identify an organism with a standard name anywhere in the world.
The system of nomenclature names the organism by a name that mentions the genus and species name of the organism.
This concept of giving name which denotes the genus and species for the organism is known as binomial nomenclature.
The naming of organisms with two names is known as binomial nomenclature.
It was introduced by Gaspard Bauhin in \(1623\) and was implemented by Carolus Linnaeus in \(1753\). Hence Carolus Linnaeus was known as the 'Father of Modern Taxonomy'.
According to this system, the name consists of two parts:
- a generic
- a specific epithet.
The first name is the Genus name or Generic name that starts with a capital letter, and the Species name starts with a small letter.
Example of binomial nomenclature - Mangifera indica
The nomenclature for onion is Allium cepa. The genus name is Allium, and the species name is cepa.
- Lion: Panthera leo
- Tiger: Panthera Tigris
- Mango: Mangifera indica
The local name which is familiar at a particular place is known as the vernacular name.
Scientific names of some organisms: