Temperature scales:
Thermometers measure the temperature according to well-defined measurement scales, which use pre-defined reference points to help compare quantities.
Nowadays, Kelvin, Celsius and Fahrenheit scales are the three commonly used temperature scales.
The temperature scale can be formulated by identifying two easily reproducible temperatures. The freezing and boiling point temperatures of water at standard atmospheric pressure are generally used as reference temperatures.
Kelvin scale:
The Kelvin scale is the temperature generally used in science. It is an absolute temperature scale defined as \(0\)\(K\) at the lowest possible temperature, called absolute zero. The temperature unit on this scale is the Kelvin, abbreviated as \(K\).
Celsius scale:
The Celsius scale (which replaced the slightly different centigrade scale) has a freezing point of water \(0\)\(ºC\) and a boiling point of \(100\)\(ºC\). The temperature unit on this scale is the degree Celsius (\(ºC\)).
Fahrenheit scale:
The Fahrenheit scale (most frequently used in the United States) has a freezing point of water is \(32\)\(ºF\), and boiling point is \(212\)\(ºF\). The temperature unit on this scale is the degree Fahrenheit(\(ºF\)).
Temperature scales
The equivalence between principal temperature scales is given in the below table.
Kelvin Scale (\(K\))
Celsius Scale (\(ºC\))
Fahrenheit Scale (\(ºF\))
Absolute Zero
Boiling point of water
Freezing point of water
Mean temperature of human body
Room temperature (average)