- Asia exhibits a wide range of climate.
The Northern part of Asia:
- Climate: Severe long winter and cool summer
- Winter \(-37°\ C\) and Summer \(10\ °C\).
- Precipitation: in the form of snow (\(250\ mm\) to \(300\ mm\)).
The Northeastern part of Asia:
- Climate: Cold winter and warm summer
- Precipitation: moderate rainfall (\(50\ mm\) to \(250\ mm\)).
The South, South-East and Eastern parts of Asia:
- Strongly influenced by monsoon winds.
- Climate: Summer is hot and humid while winter is cool and dry.
- The summer monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall to India, Bangladesh, Indo-China, Philippines and Southern China (\(1500\ mm\) to \(2500\ mm\)).
Wettest place in world: Mawsynram (\(11871\ mm\)), India.
Near the equator:
- Climate: Uniform throughout the year.
- There is no winter. The average temperature is \(27\ °C\), and the mean rainfall is \(1270\ mm\).
The west and central parts of Asia:
- Climate: Hot and dry
- The temperature is very high during the day and very low during the night.
- Precipitation: Rainfall varies from \(25\ mm\) to \(200\ mm\).
The West coastal fringe of Asia (along the Mediterranean Sea):
- Climate: receives rainfall in winter and is warm in summer.
Western part of Asia has deserts.
- The major hot deserts: the Arabian (Saudi Arabia) and Thar (India and Pakistan) deserts.
- The cold deserts of Asia: Gobi and Taklamakan.
- The largest desert in Asia: The Arabian desert.