Theory:

Climate
  • Asia exhibits a wide range of climate.
The Northern part of Asia:
  • Climate: Severe long winter and cool summer
  • Winter \(-37°\ C\) and Summer \(10\ °C\).
  • Precipitation: in the form of snow (\(250\ mm\) to \(300\ mm\)).
The Northeastern part of Asia:
  • Climate: Cold winter and warm summer
  • Precipitation: moderate rainfall  (\(50\ mm\) to \(250\ mm\)).
The South, South-East and Eastern parts of Asia:
  • Strongly influenced by monsoon winds.
  • Climate: Summer is hot and humid while winter is cool and dry.
  • The summer monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall to India, Bangladesh, Indo-China, Philippines and Southern China (\(1500\ mm\)  to  \(2500\ mm\)).
Wettest place in world: Mawsynram (\(11871\  mm\)), India.
Near the equator:
  • Climate: Uniform throughout the year.
  • There is no winter. The average temperature is \(27\ °C\), and the mean rainfall is \(1270\ mm\).
The west and central parts of Asia:
  • Climate: Hot and dry
  • The temperature is very high during the day and very low during the night.
  • Precipitation: Rainfall varies from \(25\ mm\) to \(200\ mm\).
The West coastal fringe of Asia (along the Mediterranean Sea):
  • Climate: receives rainfall in winter and is warm in summer.
Important!
Western part of Asia has deserts.
  • The major hot desertsthe Arabian (Saudi Arabia) and Thar (India and Pakistan) deserts.
  • The cold deserts of Asia: Gobi and Taklamakan.
  • The largest desert in Asia: The Arabian desert.