Theory:

1. The North Western highlands:
This region comprises:
The mountains and plateaus of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Scotland, and Iceland
  • The most beautiful fjord coast is located in this region which was created by glaciations in the past.
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  • This region also has many lakes that serves as reservoirs for producing hydroelectricity.
  •  Largest producers of hydroelectricity in the world: Norway and Sweden.
About Fjord :
It is a narrow and deep sea inlet between steep cliffs.
Fjords are long, deep, narrow bodies of water that reaches far inland. Most of the fjords are U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side. They are mainly found in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S.A (state of Alaska).
Sognefjord is a fjord in Norway that spans more than \(160\)  \(kilometres\) (nearly \(100\)  \(miles\)).
Fjord helps in:
  1. It reduces the speed of wind, regardless of its direction.
  2. It also controls the force of sea waves. Therefore, areas with fjords are best suited for natural harbours.
2. The Central Plateaus:
  • It is found in east west direction across Central Europe.
  • Rivers originate from this plateau are the Danube, the Volga and the Tagus.
The important plateaus of this region are:
  
Pennines
England         
Meseta
Spain
Central Massif and Jura     
France
  • The Black Forest (Germany) is a mountain range located in this region, which is known for its dense, evergreen forests and picturesque villages.
  • It has rich mineral resources.
  • Range of hill and mountains called Pennines separates North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.
  • The Pennines is called the Backbone of England.
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