Hunter-gatherers, also known as foragers, are people who depend primarily on wild foods for their subsistence.
People in southwest Asia hunted and gathered until agriculture and animal domestication appeared about \(12,000 \)to \(11,000 \)years ago. Their tactics have been highly varied, and the local climate has heavily influenced them.
Big game hunting or trapping, small animal hunting or trapping, fishing, shellfish or insect collection, and gathering wild plant foods like fruits, vegetables, tubers, seeds, and nuts.
To maintain a healthy diet, most hunter-gatherers incorporate a combination of these techniques.
Women and their children and grandchildren typically collect stationary foods such as vegetables, shellfish, and insects, while adult men usually hunt wild animals.
Forager mothers typically wean their children about three or four, and young children lack the patience and quiet needed for hunting.
Most of Middle and South American cultures and most European, Asian, and African populations depended on domesticated food sources by about \(1500\)\(CE\), while full-time foragers continued to exist in some isolated areas.