Theory:

Hunting and Gathering Society:
Studies of modern-day hunter-gatherers provide insight into the lives of small, nomadic tribes that date back nearly two million years.
 
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Men were protectors and hunters, while women were gatherers and nurturers in such communities. This still holds for today's hunters and gatherers.
 
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Due to their limited resources, these communities were naturally egalitarian, scraping together enough food to survive and constructing basic housing for all.
 
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With the development of hunting techniques, especially for giant game, the division of labour by gender became more pronounced.
 
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Along with cooking, the controlled use of fire promoted societal development by allowing people to spend time together around the hearth. Physiological evolution has improved, with more modern ancestors' larger brains resulting in more extended \(childhood \)and adolescence periods.
 
Hunter-gatherers were burying their dead and making ornamental artefacts by the time of the Neanderthals. Homo sapiens developed increasingly complex communities. They were associated with other communities nearly \(200 \)miles away by \(130,000 \)years ago.
Glossary:
Fostered - Encourage the development of something desirable.
  
Hunters-gatherers  - Members of nomadic group who live chiefly by hunting and fishing.
 
Nurturers - To take care of, feed, and protect someone, especially young Children.