Theory:

Biotic resources: Living
Abiotic resources: Non-living
Biotic resources
  • Biotic resources are living resources like plants, animals and other microorganisms.
Trees/Plants
Animals
Microorganisms
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  • The biotic resources were mere substances until human beings recognise them and bring them into usage.
  • In the beginning, humans fulfilled their food, clothing and shelter needs through primary activities such as hunting, food gathering, fishing and forestry.
  • Agriculture and cattle rearing (primary activities) came into practice once food becomes scarce.
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Abiotic resources
  • Abiotic resources are non-living things like land, water, air and minerals.
Land
Water
Air
Minerals
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  • The abiotic resources were sought by the early men when they went in search of better landforms with enough water resources for agriculture, and for their cattle.
  • They needed tools right from hunting to agriculture.
  • Initially, the tools were only made of stones.
  • Later they found copper first and iron later.
  • They alsomined precious metals and stones for making ornaments and jewels.
  • Mining became one of the important primary activities later, and it still holds an important place among the economic activities.