### Theory:

Dynamics of 16th Century India:
• The Beginning of the $$16th Century$$saw the invasion of various forces from West Asian countries, who were lured by the abundant resources that are available in India. The tussle for the control of India by various forces continued for a long time.
• The Period of the 16th century witnessed the decline of the Delhi Sultanate empire which was the ruling the states of North India. The last dynasty of the Delhi sultanates was in the Lodi’s.
• The Lodi’s faced stiff opposition from the Afghan invaders who took them to their end. The rule of Lodi’s was culminated by Babur, who defeated the last Lodi ruler Ibrahim Lodi in the Battle of Panipat in $$1526$$and established a new empire named the “Mughal Empire”.
MUGHAL EMPIRE: The Mughal Empire was established by Babur, which reigned over India for $$181 years$$, one of the longest-reigning Indian empires.