The International Eco-tourism Society (TIES) defines eco-tourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people and involves interpretation and education”.
Eco-tourism is entirely a new approach in tourism to create awareness of the ecosystem. Eco-tourism is a preserving trip to natural areas where plants and animals thrive in a naturally preserved environment, to appreciate the natural and cultural history of the environment, encouraging people to take care of the fragile ecosystem and not to disturb the integrity of the ecosystem while creating economic opportunities.
Amazon rain forest, African forest safari, trekking in the slopes of the Himalayas are the famous incredible Eco-friendly attractions.
Thenmala in Kerala is the 1st planned eco-tourism destination in India created to serve nature lovers and Eco-tourists.
Cultural tourism allows tourists to participate and showcase their art in local cultural activities, like rituals and festivals. As a result, the tourist can enjoy a genuine cultural exchange with the natives.
The United Nations World Tourism Organization defines cultural tourism as “movements of persons for essentially cultural motivations such as study tours, performing arts and cultural tours, travel to festivals and other cultural events, visits to sites and monuments, travel to study nature, folklore or art, and pilgrimages.”