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Theory:

Imagery:
Imagery means using imaginative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses. A writer helps the reader to visualize or to see in their minds what is being described. The images should appeal to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, touch, taste or smell.
Example:
1. It was dark and dim that night.
    The words “dark” and “dim” are visual images; (that appeal to our eyes).
 
2. The kids were screaming and laughing in the classroom.
     “Screaming” and “laughing” appeal to our sense of hearing; (that appeal to our ears).
  
3. Rani whiffed the fragrance of the fresh rose blossoms.
    “Whiff” and “fragrance” evoke our sense of smell; (that appeal to our nose).   
What are the uses of imagery?
 
1. The concept is made easier to understand, as the reader visualizes it.
2. It makes the concept easier to remember.
Imagery from the poem "A Tiger in the Zoo":
 
Imagery has been used throughout the poem "A Tiger in the Zoo" as there are detailed descriptions of his slow walk using words like stalking, and the readers feel the softness of his paw with reference to the softness of velvet. There is also detailed imagery of the terror he can cause with his fangs and claws.
 
Metaphor:
A metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share some common characteristics. Metaphors are used to dramatize thoughts to emphasize and elevate the expression to a higher intensity.
Example:
1. Jack was fishing for compliments - In the real sense, Jack cannot be casting a lure to catch compliments from a river! It just means he was looking for compliments.
2. John was so hungry that he could eat a horse - In the real sense, it means he was extremely hungry, and he could eat a lot of food, but not a whole horse!
3. The sun is a golden ball - In the real sense, one cannot throw and play with the golden ball that the sun is!
Metaphor in the poem "A Tiger in the Zoo":
  • On pads of velvet quiet - The tiger's feet is compared to velvet indicating that they are very soft.