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Theory:

     I WAS really worried about Tricki this time. I had pulled up my car when I saw him in the street with his mistress and I was shocked at his appearance. He had become hugely fat, like a bloated sausage with a leg at each corner. His eyes, bloodshot and rheumy, stared straight ahead and his tongue lolled from his jaws.
 
     Mrs Pumphrey hastened to explain, “He was so listless, Mr Herriot. He seemed to have no energy. I thought he must be suffering from malnutrition, so I have been giving him some little extras between meals to build him up, some malt and cod-liver oil and a bowl of Horlicks at night to make him sleep — nothing much really.”
Explanation:
 
The story "A Triumph of Surgery" is about how pampering someone (people or animals) can cause issues. The story centres around a dog named 'Tricki' who belonged to Mrs. Pumphrey, a wealthy lady. The narrator begins his story by explaining how Mrs. Pumphrey was out on a stroll with her dog one day when the narrator drove by that side and noticed Tricki. Tricki's appearance surprised the narrator, and there was a reason for it. Tricki had gained a significant amount of weight and looked like a bloated sausage with limbs on both ends. The narrator noticed that his (Tricki's) eyes were reddish and wet, and his tongue was lolling out of his jaws, indicating that the dog was not feeling well.
 
The above paragraph indicates two things. The narrator must have known Tricki already, and Tricki was not well at that time, and he had gained a lot of weight.
 
The narrator's profession is that of a veterinary surgeon. Mrs. Pumphrey rushed to explain the reason for Tricki's illness to the narrator while the narrator was looking at Tricki. She addressed the narrator as Mr. Herriot and told him that Tricki appeared exhausted, as if he didn't have any energy. As a result, she assumed it was caused by malnutrition. Mrs Pumphrey had thus overfed Tricki with foods such as malt and cod liver oil, as well as a bowl of Horlicks in between meals.The cause of Tricki's bulging appearance is now known: Mrs. Pumphrey overfed Tricki, causing him to become overweight and ill.
 
Meaning of difficult words:
  
S. No.
Words
Meaning
1.
MistressRefers to a female master
2.
SausageRefers to a tube-like minced meat
3.
RheumyWatery
4.
Bloodshot eyesEyes with red lines
5.
MalnutritionBad health caused by little or no proper food
6.
LollTo hang loosely
7.
Hasten Quick to do something
Reference:
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2008). Honeydew. A Triumph of Surgery - James Herriot (pp 1-6). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.