A phrase is a group of words that are a part of a sentence. It works together to give a meaning, but cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. It does not have a subject and/or a verb.
- Walking across the lane
- On his feet
- Three cute kittens
- Of Ramya
These group of words give meaning, but does not have subject and verb together and hence cannot make a complete sentence.
Subject - Person or thing that is being spoken of, or does the action in a sentence.
Verb - The action that is being performed.
Object - Receives the action.
Direct object - What the subject acts upon.
Indirect object - Who receives the action.
Ram gave him a car.
Ram - Subject
Gave - Verb
Him - Indirect object
Car - Direct object
1. Noun Phrase:
- A noun is a name, place, thing or animal. A noun phrase is a noun and any word that modifies the noun in the sentence. The modifiers can even be articles, prepositions, adjectives and pronouns.
- A noun phrase can be a subject, direct/indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
i. The blue house is mine. - the blue house is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the subject.
ii. I want a pen - pen is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the direct object.
2. Verb Phrase:
- It has one verb and other words that modify the verb.
i. The teacher put the book in the bag.
Put the book in the bag is a verb phrase. It consists of the verb 'put' and its dependents but not the subject 'The Teacher'.
Meanings of phrases in the poem "Where Do All the Teachers Go?":
|Pick their noses||Children put their fingers in their nose to dig dirt, which is considered to be unhygienic|
|Never spell right||Getting spelling mistakes in writing|
|Punished in the corner||Punishment where the student is asked to stand facing the corner of a wall, and think about the mistake they did it and feel sorry for it|
|Pinched the chocolate flakes||Chocolate flakes are tiny bits of chocolate kept as decorations or as a coverup in a cake or ice cream. Taking them away from it is called pinching the chocolate flake|
|Lose their hymn books||Hymn books are religious books which has the lines and notes of the songs that are sung in churches for chorus.|
|Leave their greens||Not eating healthy green leafy vegetables like spinach|
|Scribble on the desk tops||Writing names, friend's initials, drawing cartoons on desk tops in schools to create memories or leave a mark|
|Put it in a poem||The poet says he will follow the teacher and gather answers to his questions and write a poem based on it|