Theory:

A phrase is a group of words that are a part of a sentence. It works together to give a meaning, but cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. It does not have a subject and/or a verb.
Example:
  1. Walking across the lane
  2. On his feet
  3. Three cute kittens
  4. Of Ramya
These group of words give meaning, but does not have subject and verb together and hence cannot make a complete sentence.
Subject - Person or thing that is being spoken of, or does the action in a sentence.
Verb - The action that is being performed.
Object - Receives the action.
Direct object - What the subject acts upon.
Indirect object - Who receives the action.
Example:
Ram gave him a car.
 
Ram - Subject
Gave - Verb
Him - Indirect object
Car - Direct object
1. Noun Phrase:
  • A noun is a name, place, thing or animal. A noun phrase is a noun and any word that modifies the noun in the sentence. The modifiers can even be articles, prepositions, adjectives and pronouns.
  • A noun phrase can be a subject, direct/indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
Example:
i. The blue house is mine. - the blue house is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the subject.
ii. I want a pen - pen is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the direct object.
2. Verb Phrase:
  • It has one verb and other words that modify the verb.
Example:
i. The teacher put the book in the bag.
 
Put the book in the bag is a verb phrase. It consists of the verb 'put' and its dependents but not the subject 'The Teacher'.
Meanings of phrases in the poem "Where Do All the Teachers Go?":
SI.no
Phrase
Meaning
1
Pick their nosesChildren put their fingers in their nose to dig dirt, which is considered to be unhygienic
2
Never spell rightGetting spelling mistakes in writing
3
Punished in the cornerPunishment where the student is asked to stand facing the corner of a wall, and think about the mistake they did it and feel sorry for it
4
Pinched the chocolate flakesChocolate flakes are tiny bits of chocolate kept as decorations or as a coverup in a cake or ice cream. Taking them away from it is called pinching the chocolate flake
5
Lose their hymn booksHymn books are religious books which has the lines and notes of the songs that are sung in churches for chorus.
6
Leave their greensNot eating healthy green leafy vegetables like spinach
7
Scribble on the desk topsWriting names, friend's initials, drawing cartoons on desk tops in schools to create memories or leave a mark
8
Put it in a poemThe poet says he will follow the teacher and gather answers to his questions and write a poem based on it