Theory:

Fable is a short tale or story. The aim of fables is to teach the moral of a lesson to the children. One of the major features of the stories is that they have characters which are animals or inanimate objects.
Features of "Fables":
The word "Fables" comes from the Latin word "Fabula" or "Story". Fables always end with a moral.
  
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Some Famous Indian Fables:
Some of the famous Indian fables are "The man and the snake" and "The elephant and the ape".
  
The moral of the story "The man and the snake" is "fear works while fancy lurks".
  
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The man and the snake
  
The story "The elephant and the ape" teaches that everyone has different personalities and we should not trouble others for our own happiness. The moral of the tale is "each thing in its place is best".
  
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The elephant and the ape
Some Famous Fables From the World:
Aesop's tales are also well-known fables around the world. Some of the famous fables of Aesop are "The Hare and the Tortoise", "The fox and the crow", and "The lion and the mouse".
  
The story "The hare and the tortoise" teaches us that "slow and steady can win the race". It means that steady effort brings success.
  
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The hare and the tortoise
  
The Aesop's tale of "The fox and the crow" teaches that the crow gets influenced by the fox and blinded by false appreciation. The crow lost her food, and the fox gained it by cheating. Therefore, we should always beware of someone who praises another person to get what they want and never trust anyone blindly.
  
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The fox and the crow
 
"The lion and the mouse" is a famous Aesop's story of a lion and the mouse. The moral of the story is that mercy brings its reward and that there is no being so small that it cannot help a greater.
 
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The lion and the mouse