Theory:

     IN a village in Iran there once lived a shepherd. He was very poor. He did not have even a small cottage of his own. He had never been to school or learnt to read and write, for there were very few schools in those days.
 
     Though poor and uneducated, this shepherd was very wise. He understood people’s sorrows and troubles, and helped them face their problems with courage and common sense. Many people came to him for advice. Soon he became famous for his wisdom and friendly nature. The king of that country heard about him, and thought of meeting him.
Explanation:
 
The story 'Shepherd's Treasure' is a famous Iranian folk tale. The story highlights good virtues, like wisdom, integrity, and humility. An Iranian shepherd is the protagonist of the story. This story is woven around the shepherd and his virtues.
 
The shepherd lived in a village. He did not even have his own house due to his poor situation. Throughout his life, he remained uneducated. As there were only a few schools in his village, he did not have an option to go to school. So, as a result of it, he did not know to read and write.
 
The poor shepherd was an uneducated person. He did not even know how to read and write but looked intelligent and approachable. The shepherd became a friendly person to the people, and so, they approached him whenever there was a problem.
 
The shepherd understood their problems and sorrows and gave them a solution accordingly. This made people deal with their problems with courage and common sense. This attracted many people. People came from various places to get his advice. His friendly nature and intelligence gained him more popularity. Soon his fame reached different parts of the region. At this time, the king happened to hear about the shepherd and his intelligence. He wished to meet him to test his intelligence.
 
Meaning of difficult words:
 
S.No
Words
Meaning
1.
Folk
A friendly way of addressing people
2.
Tale
An imaginative story
3.
Virtues
An attitude or behaviour which is of high moral standards
4.
Integrity
Being honest and having moral qualities
5.
Humility
Behaving in a way that you are not better than others
6.
Protagonist
The main character of a story, novel, etc.
7.
Cottage
A small old-model house generally built in the Countryside
8.
Uneducated
Having little or no education
9.
Sorrow
A feeling of sadness
10.
Shepherd
Refers to a person whose job is to look after the sheep
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2006). The Shepherd's Treasure (pp. 07-10). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.