A stanza is a set of lines inside a poem that are generally separated by a blank line or indentation. It helps present different ideas inside a particular poem, and it must not have an exact rhyme-scheme or metrical scheme. It may vary accordingly.
Find below some different types of stanza forms:
1. Monostich - A stanza with one line
2. Couplet - Two lines that rhyme in a stanza.
3. Tercets - A stanza with three lines
4. Quatrain - A stanza with four lines
5. Quintain - A stanza with five lines
6. Sestet - A stanza with six lines
7. Septet - A stanza with seven lines
8. Octave - A stanza with eight lines
9. Isometric stanza - Refers to a stanza with lines that are all the same length. Traditional poetry was mostly isometric, with a set line length.
10. Heterometric stanza - A stanza in which the metrical lengths of the lines are uneven.
There are fourteen stanzas in the poem "Dad and the Cat and the Tree." Each stanza includes four lines, making it a quatrain stanza. As mentioned earlier, a quatrain is a set of four lines in poetry. Look at stanzas \(1\) and \(2\) from 'Dad and the Cat and the Tree' for a better understanding.
This morning a cat got
Stuck in our tree.
Dad said, “Right, just
Leave it to me.”
The tree was wobbly,
The tree was tall.
Mum said, “For goodness’
Sake don’t fall!”
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2007). Honeycomb. Dad and cat and the tree - Kit Wright (pp.107-109). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.