Suffixes are words attached at the end of root words to derive a newer meaning. Let us explore the usage of some suffixes:
1. Suffixes that derive plurals: The suffix "s", "es" usually brings about the plural meaning.
object - objects
wish - wishes
bottle - bottles
2. Suffixes that derive tenses: The suffix "ed" usually is used for past tense.
The suffix "ing" usually is used for present tense.
walk - walked
type - typed
run - running
sing - singing
3. Suffixes that mean consequential: The suffixes "ate", "en", "ify", "ize" usually mean 'to become'.
complex - complicate
tight - tighten
straight - straighten
beauty - beautify
strategy - strategize
4. Suffixes that mean quality: The suffixes "acy", "ly", "ance", "ity", "ty", "tion" usually mean the quality of being.
supreme - supremacy
normal - normally
dominate - dominance
active - activity
honest - honesty
promote - promotion
5. Suffixes that mean the study of: The suffix "logy" usually denotes the field of study.
Here is a list of commonly used suffixes:
|s, es||plural||things, buses|
|ly||explain quality||swiftly, slowly|
|acy||state or quality||supremacy|
|ance||state or quality||acceptance|
|dom||state of being in||freedom, boredom|
|er, ian, ost, eer||one who is||teacher, engineer, technician|
|ist||one who is||extremist, Buddhist|
|ity, ty||quality||honesty, responsibility|
|ness||condition of, state||sadness|
|ion, tion, sion||state of being||promotion, condensation|
|o-logy||study of||biology, ecology|
The suffixed words used in the lesson "A Bicycle in Good Repair":