Theory:

"Geography Lesson" by Zulfikar Ghose is a poem in which the poet talks about his experiences of flying high in a jet. As the jet takes off, he sees the cities that are laid out below in an unplanned and disorganised way. He says that he understands the reason for them to be disarranged such that things are existing as they are meant to be. He also says that he understands the logic behind people settling near river valleys. People need water to perform all basic activities and therefore, they settle near water bodies. He also confirms that the earth is round and that majority of its surface is covered by water, as seen from the height. Although he understands all these concepts, he does not understand why human beings fight and spread hate in spite of life being so beautiful.