2. The Company’s conquests (1757-1849)
(Scene 1: A Map of India)
Narrator: With its superior weapons, the British East India Company was extending its power in 18th century India.
(Scene 2: Inside a palace)
Narrator: Indian princes were short-sighted.
Indian princes: That upstart Rajah Bah! Call the English merchants. They will help me to defeat him.
Narrator: The people had no peace due to such constant fights.
(Scene 3: At war)
Narrator: The rivalries helped the East India Company and it could easily subdue Indian princes one by one.
(Scene 4: Sacrifice of Tipu Sultan)
Narrator: A far-seeing ruler like the brave Tipu of Mysore fought the British till he died fighting!
The year \(1757\) was marked as an important year in Indian History because it was the entry of the East India Company in India. The East India Company is also known as the British East India Company. The East India Company was a private company owned by stockholders and reporting to the administration in London. Later on, the East Indian Company came to India and set up a few factories in different places.
Slowly and gradually, the East India company began expanding and extending their power in India. One of the primary reasons the Britishers were able to survive in India was that they possessed superior weapons.
Secondly, they took advantage of the weakness of Indian princes. The Britishers, however, considered Indian princes as “short-sighted”, because of the inability to see the long term plans of the Britishers. The Indian princes themselves felt that they were not strong enough to fight with Raja Bah. Moreover, the people had no peace due to such constant fights. So, they took help from the Britishers and thought that the Britishers would help them defeat their enemies. Later on, the Britishers started to take all the powers and controls from the Indian rulers. The Britishers considered Indians as weak ones.
The Britishers considered Indian princes as “short-sighted”
Compared to the other Indian princes, one ruler of Mysore called Tipu Sultan, understood the British policy and fought against them until his last breath. Unfortunately, due to his fate, Tipu Sultan got defeated and died in the battlefield. Among all the Indian princes, Tipu Sultan was a brave man who fought for the goodness of the people, and he thought to save the country from British rule.
During \(1765\), Indian territories were ruled by the Indian princes, and only a few regions were under British control. But after the entry of the Britishers and their powerful weapons, everything started to change.
Meanings of the difficult words:
|Weapon||A thing designed or used for inflicting bodily harm or physical damage|
|Rivalries||Competition for the same objective or for superiority in the same field|
|Subdue||Bring a country or people under control by force|
- National Council of Educational Research and Training (2008). Honeydew. Glimpses of the Past-S.D.Sawant (pp. 36-49). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.
- Artist unknown, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
- Photograph by Mike Peel (www.mikepeel.net)., CC BY-SA 4.0
- Edinburgh Geographical Institute., Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons