### Theory:

8. Revolt (1857)

(Scene 1: War at Meerut)
Narrator: Then there was a violent outbreak at Meerut.

(Scene 2: At Delhi)
Narrator: The sepoys marched to Delhi.
Sepoys (in chorus): Long live our Emperor Bahadur Shah!

(Scene 3: A war spread wider)
Narrator: The rebellion spread wider.

(Scene 4A few men can be seen talking to each other)
Narrator: Many landlords had lost their lands because of the British policies, and they were sore.
Landlord 1: The white man’s rule must end!
Landlord 2: Yes, we will help you.
Explanation:

The revolt of $$1857$$ is otherwise known as India’s First War of Independence and Sepoy Mutiny. The revolt started on May 10, 1857, at Meerut. Sepoys initiated the revolt in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. The leading cause for the first war of Indian independence was that the Britishers made the Brahmin soldiers to bite the cartridge before loading it into the gun. Indian sepoys believed that the cartridge was greased with either pig fat or made from cow fat. This was against their sentiments. This was believed to be the primary factor for the revolt of 1857.

Violent revolt at Meerut

The urge to free the nation from the Britishers continued to grow among the Indian soldiers. The city of Meerut also experienced the violent attack of the Britishers. The sepoys marched towards Delhi to see Emperor Bahadur Shah.

Sepoys marched to Delhi to meet Emperor Bahadur Shah

The revolt continued to spread and grow all over India. Many landlords had also lost their land due to the new land rules, and they were eagerly waiting to take revenge on the Britishers. People all over the place had the common motto to destroy the British government in India. All the Indians joined together for the goodness of the nation. The landlords outburst in anger and said that the British rule must end in India. The other landlords joined together, and they agreed to help further.

Meanings of the difficult words:

 S.No Words Meanings 1 Outbreak A sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease 2 Marched Walk in a military manner with a regular measured tread 3 Sepoy An Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders 4 Landlord The owner of a house, apartment, land, or real estate 5 Sore Upset and angry 6 Urge A strong desire or impulse
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2008). Honeydew. Glimpses of the Past-S.D.Sawant(pp. 36-49). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.