Theory:

The lesson "Glimpses of the Past" is written by S.D. Sawant. The story deals with the incidents that lead to the First War of Independence. The East India Company extended its power in India during the 18th century. The Indian princes took help from the Britishers to kill their enemies. The Britishers considered Indian princes "short-sighted" because they failed to understand the plan of the Britishers. Later on, the East India Company defeated Indian princes one by one. Indian people witnessed many superstitious beliefs like untouchability and child marriage. They blindly believed in religious beliefs. The Britishers imposed heavy taxes on farmers so that farmers had to give up their fields to the English men. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a learned person from Bengal, understood what was wrong with this country and thought of saving his country from the Britishers.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy went to England and met the Britishers. He spoke to them for the welfare of the Indian people. But the Britishers continued to oppress Indians. In 1818, they had passed a new law called Regulation III.  Later on, Thomas Macaulay, an English man, suggested some changes in Indian Education, and very soon, they taught Indians the English language. By 1856, the British conquered the most of the regions of India. Some of the Indian soldiers working under the Britishers were dissatisfied because the Britishers treated their soldiers in a rich way by providing big houses and high income. But they provided only less income for the Indian soldiers. Later on, an Indian soldier named Mangal Pandey attacked the regiment's adjutant, and he was executed. In 1857, a vast, violent revolt was started, and the rebellion spread all over India. Many landlords, peasants and farmers lost their lands because of the newly passed British policies. Many rulers aroused India's people to fight against the Britishers. At last, in the lesson, an eighty-year-old Kunwar Singh of Bihar received a bullet in his wrist. So he cut off his hand to avoid major health issues and gave it as an offering to Mother Ganga.