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Theory:

Meanings of difficult words from the lesson "Kathmandu":
 
Sl. No.
Words
Meanings
1
CheapLow in price, especially in relation to similar items or services
2
NephewA son of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law
3
KathmanduThe capital and most populous city of Nepal
4
SacredRegarded with great respect and reverence by a particular religion, group, or individual
5
Sign
A notice on public display that gives information or instructions in a written or symbolic form
6
Proclaim
To announce officially or publicly
7
EntranceAn opening, such as a door, passage, or gate, that allows access to a place
8
FebrileExtremely active, or too excited, imaginative, or emotional
9
HawkerA person who travels about selling goods, typically advertising them by shouting
10
Devotee
A strong believer in a particular religion or god
11
Saffron
Having a dark yellow colour
12
CladCovered with clothes
13
CremateDispose of a dead person's body by burning it to ashes, typically after a funeral ceremony
14
WiltTo lose its presence, strength, and prominence; dying
15
OfferingA thing offered as a religious sacrifice or token of devotion
16
Protrude
To have something extend above its surface
17
Kaliyug (Sanskrit)
The age of darkness and misery; Kali is a demon and 'yuga' means 'era' or age'
18
ShrineA holy place where a sacred relic or idol is placed and worshipped
19
In ContrastTo be opposite to an idea o a sentence previously presented.
20
Stillness
The absence of movement or sound
21
ImmenseExtremely large or great, especially in scale or degree
22
DomeA rounded vault forming the roof of a building or structure
23
Ring(ed)
To surround someone or something
24
ImmigrantA person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country
25
HavenA safe or peaceful place
26
VividProducing powerful feelings or strong, clear images in the mind
27
MercenaryInterested in making money from a situation
28
Adorn
To add something decorative to a person or thing
29
DeityA god or goddess
30
UtensilA tool, container, or other article, especially for household use
31
AntiqueSomething made in an earlier period that is collected and considered to have value because it is beautiful, rare, old, or of high quality
32
Stray(Of an animal) having no home, or lost
33
VendorA person who sells food or goods on the street
34
Indulge
To allow yourself or someone else to have something enjoyable
35
Corn-on-the-cobThe tube-shaped part of  maize (corn) that is cooked (whole corn)
36
BrazierA metal container for burning coal, wood, etc., used to give warmth or to cook on
37
Wash downTo drink something after putting food or medicine in your mouth, especially so that you can swallow more easily
38
Nauseating
Making you feel as if you are going to vomit
39
PropelDrive or push something forwards
40
Per se
A Latin phrase - by or of itself
41
Patna
A city in North East India, and capital of Bihar state
42
GangesA sacred river that runs through the northern India and Bangladesh
43
Benaras
A holy city on the banks of the river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh; also known as Varanasi
44
AllahabadA metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
45
Yamuna
The longest tributary river in India, which is highly revered in Hinduism and also goes by the name Yami
46
Agra
A city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which is famous for hosting India's most prized monument, the Taj Mahal
47
New DelhiThe capital of India
48
ExhaustedTo feel very tired
49
HomesickExperiencing a longing for one's home during a period of absence from it
50
Square
An open, typically four-sided, area surrounded by buildings in a village, town, or city
51
PoleA long, thin stick of wood or metal, often used standing straight up in the ground to support things
52
Bansuri
A bamboo transverse flute of northern India
53
QuillThe hollow sharp spines of a porcupine, hedgehog, or other spiny mammals
54
PorcupineA large rodent with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail
55
Meditatively
Doing something seriously, and yet in a relaxed manner
56
ExcessiveMore than is necessary, normal, or desirable
57
WaresArticles offered for sale
58
Incidental
Happening as a minor accompaniment to something else
59
Tear awayLeave despite a strong desire to stay
60
EnterpriseBusiness or trade
61
UniversalRelating to or done by all people or things in the world or in a particular group; applicable to all cases
62
FingeringA manner or technique of using the fingers, especially to play a musical instrument
63
Drawn intoTo involve somebody or make somebody take part in something
64
Compass(In music) the interval between the lowest and highest note; range
65
CommonalityThe fact of sharing interests, experiences, or other characteristics with someone or something
66
Invest
To devote one's time, effort, or energy into something