A verb can be described as transitive or intransitive based on whether it requires an object to express a complete thought or not. A transitive verb is one that only makes sense if it exerts its action on an object. An intransitive verb will make sense without one. Some verbs may be used both ways.
Transitive verbs are not just verbs that can take an object.
Please bring tea. (bring- transitive verb).
An intransitive verb is the opposite of a transitive verb. It does not require an object to act upon.
They jumped. (jumped- intransitive verb).
The dog ran. ( ran- intransitive verb).
1. Subject + intransitive verb  
i) Elisa swims. (Elisa- subject, swims- intransitive verb).
ii) Whales leap. (Whales- subject, leap- intransitive verb).
2. Subject + transitive verb + direct object 
i) Jonna hated baked beans. (Jonna- subject, hated- transitive verb, baked beans- direct object).
ii) Storybooks convey ideas. (Storybooks- subject, conveys- transitive verb, ideas-direct object).
3. Subject: + linking verb + subject complement 
i) The river is beautiful. (river- subject, is- linking verb, beautiful- subject compliment).
ii) Raja seems worried. (Raja- subject, seems- linking verb,  worried- subject compliment).
4. Subject + transitive verb + indirect object + direct object
i) The author sold his publisher a full story. (author-subject,  sold- transitive verb, his publisher- indirect object, full story- direct object).
ii) The boy threw the catcher a curveball. (boy- subject, threw-transitive verb, the catcher- indirect object, a curveball- direct object).
5. Subject + transitive verb + direct object + object complement
i) Sammy called her sister a baby. (Sammy- subject, called- transitive verb,  her sister- direct object, a baby- object complement).
ii) The king made Akbar a knight. (king- subject, made- direct object, Akbar- direct object, a knight- object complement).
6. Verb + subject + verb… [questions]
i) Can Sheila play with us? (Can- verb, Sheila- subject, play- verb).
ii) Will this plane leave on time? (Will- verb, plane- subject, leave-verb).
7. Verb + (other) [commands] 
i) Leave this class immediately. (Leave - verb).
ii) Give your exams to the invigilator. (Give- verb).
8. Subject (working as object) + transitive verb [passive voice]
i) The MLA was laid to rest. (MLA- subject,  laid - transitive verb).
ii) Comic books were read to the children. (Comic books- subject, read- transitive verb).
iii) Dinner is served at nine. (Dinner- subject,  served-transitive verb).