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Theory:

Simple past tense is used to express an action that happened at some time in the past. The time of the action may or may not be indicated, and it does not make a difference.
Example:
We watched a Superman movie.
I bought a new mobile phone.
My legs ached a lot.
They can be regular verbs that end with a "d" or an "ed", or they can be irregular and change their spelling to show the past tense.
 
If you can add the ending "d" or "ed" to the word to make the past tense, then the verb is the regular verb.
 
Irregular verbs are verbs that don't take on the regular –d,  -ed, or  -ied spelling patterns of the past simple or past participle. But irregular verbs usually change the spelling for their past tense form.
  
Some of the past tense used in the lesson "Empowered Women Navigating the World" are:
  1. The six member women crew broke many stereotypes during their record-setting.
  2. The crew went around the globe within 254-days and reached Goa port on 21 May 2018.
  3.  I loved cooking and baking.
  4. We read books when the weather was pleasant.
  5. We made parathas, baked cakes and breads.
  6. The crew members witnessed the brilliant Southern Lights from sea.
  7. The first time my parents saw the ocean was when I invited them to visit.
  8. The All India Women Crew underwent their basic sail training courses in Mumbai.