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Theory:

A phrase is a group of words that are a part of a sentence. It works together to give a meaning, but cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. It does not have a subject and/or a verb.
Example:
  1. Walking across the lane
  2. On his feet
  3. Three cute kittens
  4. Of Ramya
These group of words give meaning, but does not have subject and verb together and hence cannot make a complete sentence.
Subject - Person or thing that is being spoken of, or does the action in a sentence.
Verb - The action that is being performed.
Object - Receives the action.
Direct object - What the subject acts upon.
Indirect object - Who receives the action.
Example:
Ram gave him a car.
 
Ram - Subject
Gave - Verb
Him - Indirect object
Car - Direct object
1. Noun Phrase:
  • A noun is a name, place, thing or animal. A noun phrase is a noun and any word that modifies the noun in the sentence. The modifiers can even be articles, prepositions, adjectives and pronouns.
  • A noun phrase can be a subject, direct/indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
Example:
i. The blue house is mine. - the blue house is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the subject.
ii. I want a pen - pen is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the direct object.
2. Verb Phrase:
  • It has one verb and other words that modify the verb.
Example:
i. The teacher put the book in the bag.
 
Put the book in the bag is a verb phrase. It consists of the verb 'put' and its dependents but not the subject 'The Teacher'.
Phrasal Verb
A phrase is a combination of two or more words. A phrase which contains "a verb + a preposition/adverb", and forms a meaning which is different when the words are read separately, is called a phrasal verb.
Example:

1.Break is a verb. It means to separate into pieces.

When prepositions (in, with, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.

Verb
+
Preposition
=
Phrasal verb
Meaning
Break
in 
Break in
Forcibly enter
Break
with 
Break with
Quarrel with
Break
down
Break down
Stop functioning
Example:
2.Turn is a verb. It means to move around a fixed point.
 When prepositions (in, up, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.
Verb
+
Preposition
=
Phrasal verb
Meaning
Turn
in
Turn in
Take someone to the police, hand over
Turn
up
Turn up
Arrive unexpectedly
Turn
down
Turn down
Reject or refuse
 
Some of the phrasal verbs used in the lesson "Empowered Women Navigating the World" are:
 
S.No
Sentence
Phrasal verb
Meaning
1
We ran out verb of water and food
ran out
Completely finished
2
Once they saw that we’re doing well and looking after ourselves, they were quite supportive
looking after
To take care of someone/something
3
The six member women crew broke many stereotypes during their record-setting sail
record-setting
Creating a new record or achievement
4
The crew started their voyage on 10 September 2017 from Goa, flagged off by the Defence Minister of India.
 flagged off
Official start or beginning of an event or undertaking
5
We decided that once the circumnavigating was over, we are going to show what we have actually gone through
gone through
Experience something bad