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     The slamming of the doors had aroused mother: she peered out of her room. ‘What on earth are you boys doing?’ she demanded. Herman ventured out of his room. ‘Nothing,’ he said, gruffly, but he was, in colour, a light green. ‘What was all that running around downstairs?’ said mother. So she had heard the steps, too! We just looked at her. ‘Burglars!’ she shouted, intuitively. I tried to quieten her by starting lightly downstairs.


     ‘Come on, Herman,’ I said.


     I’ll stay with mother,’ he said. ‘She’s all excited.’ 


     I stepped back onto the landing. 


In the previous paragraph, we saw that the narrator and Herman had slammed their doors shut. Incidentally, the banging of the doors had aroused their mother, who was sleeping in a room adjacent to Herman's.

It is essential to know the house's structure to understand the story. In "The Night the Bed fell", the first of the nine stories, the narrator describes the rooms' layout. He says,       
In the front room upstairs (just under my father’s attic bedroom) were my mother and my brother Herman... I was in a room adjoining this one. My brother Roy was in a room across the hall from ours. Our bull terrier, Rex, slept in the hall.
However, in the story "The Night that the Ghost Got In", certain changes appear as to who sleeps on which floor.  For instance, the attic room is now occupied by the grandfather, and the mother still sleeps in the room under the attic. Herman, his older brother, is sleeping in a separate room. His father and Roy are out of town, while Rex is nowhere to be found in the story. However, it is not mentioned where the narrator was sleeping. He could either be sleeping along with Herman or using Roy's. Apart from the bedrooms, the first floor also contains a bath. The stairs from the first floor lead directly to the dining room, which branches out into a kitchen and living room. However, it is unclear what other rooms are present in the house.
Back to the story, we see the mother glancing out of her bedroom, demanding what her sons were doing late in the night. Herman comes out of his hiding, telling her that it was 'nothing' in a 'gruff' tone that suggests he was both scared and anxious. He probably decided to keep his mother in the dark about the "ghosts" as the latter tended to get worked up or  become hysterical.
Though Herman had displayed the courage to come out of his room, "the presence of a ghost" visibly shook him. His skin had turned almost light green, says the narrator. Going or turning green suggests that someone looks ill or frightened in a figurative sense.
Mother wasn't convinced with Herman's answer, for she soon retorted, enquiring about the commotion downstairs. She asked, ‘What was all that running around downstairs?’
The boys were shocked in learning that she'd heard the steps as well. This further proved that the footsteps weren't figments of their imagination. But they were in a tight spot as they couldn't reveal that the house was possibly haunted. So they merely stood staring at her.
Mother immediately decided that there was a break-in. So she shouted, 'Burglars!'. The narrator wanted to calm her down. So before she could turn frenzy, he decided to go downstairs to investigate. He took a step slowly while calling out his brother to accompany him.
The narrator took a step forward to investigate

But Herman backed out, stating that his mother needed company. Citing that their mother was all worked up, he said ‘he would stay with her'. He might have wanted to stay back for either of the two reasons: as said, he didn't want to leave his mother alone. Or, he didn't dare to go downstairs and face the "ghost".
Herman's response suggested that the narrator would have to go alone. However, the latter probably deduced that it wasn't wise to encounter a potential ghost all by himself.  So, he took the step back onto the landing
Meanings of difficult words:
Sl. No
ArouseAwaken someone from sleep
PeerTo look with difficulty or concentration at someone or something; come into view
VentureA risky or daring journey or undertaking
Gruff(Of a person's voice) low or displaying lack of patience
IntuitivelyWithout conscious reasoning; instinctively
Excited(In the context) Feeling or showing great or abnormal excitement or emotional disturbance
State Council of Educational Research and Training (2019). English Standard-10. The Night the Ghost Got In - James Grover Thurber (pg. 30 - 33). Published by the Tamil Nadu Textbook and Educational Services Corporation.