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Theory:

     Long, long ago there lived at the foot of the mountain a poor farmer and his aged, widowed mother. They owned a bit of land which supplied them with food, and they were humble, peaceful, and happy.
Explanation:
 
The lesson "The Aged Mother," written by "Matsuo Basho," emphasises the bond between a mother and a son, as well as the wit of the elderly, in addition to understanding about despotic rulers. The plot is set in ancient Japan and revolves around a poor farmer and his aged, widowed mother. The poor farmer was caring for his mother, and they lived at the foot of the mountain.
 
The farmer's mother.jpg
The Farmer's mother
 
They had a small plot of land on which the farmer worked and earned food. They were humble people. Furthermore, despite their poverty, they enjoyed a happy and peaceful life.
 
Meaning of difficult words:
  
S. No.
Words
Meaning
1.
AgedVery old people
2.
WidowA woman who had lost her spouse
3.
HumbleNot feeling proud
Reference:
State Council of Educational Research and Training (2018). English Standard-10. The Aged Mother - Matsuo Basho (pp. 120-122). Published by the Tamil Nadu Textbook and Educational Services Corporation.