After the death of Dodge's husband, Dodge turned to literature as a means to earn the money to educate her sons. She began to write short sketches for children, and soon brought out a volume of them, entitled Irvington Stories, (New York, \(1864\)), which was very successful. She next published Hans Brinker, or The Silver Skates (New York, \(1865\)); translated into Dutch, French, German, Russian and Italian, and was awarded a prize of \(1,500\)\(francs \)by the French Academy.
With Donald Grant Mitchell and Harriet Beecher Stowe, Dodge was one of the earliest editors of Hearth and Home, and for several years, she conducted the household and children's department of that journal. In 1873, when St. Nicholas Magazine was started, she became its editor. Her other published volumes were A Few Friends, and How They Amused Themselves (Philadelphia, 1860), Rhymes and Jingles (New York, 1874), Theophilus and Others (New York, 1876) Along the Way, poems (New York, 1879), and Donald and Dorothy (New York, 1883). She was the author of "Miss Maloney on theChinese Question," published in Scribner's Monthly in \(1870\). Dodge contributed to Harper's Magazine, Atlantic Monthly, the Centur, and other periodicals.