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Theory:

Faster than a cheetah
With a tail that’s miles long,
Bigger than a mountain
So powerful and strong.
Explanation:
  
In the second stanza, the speaker lists out the comet's attributes. He also compares it with two distinct entities to make the readers understand the comet's features.
 
To begin with, he compares a comet with a cheetah. A Cheetah, known as the fastest land animal, could run as fast as \(80\) to \(130\) km/h. He states that a comet is faster than a cheetah, moving about \(3000\) km/h.
 
cheetah-gcd9b61731_1920.jpg
A cheetah in action
 
The speaker then moves on to describe the length of a comet's tail. He claims that it is "miles long". The word "miles" denotes that the tail is exceptionally long. Scientific studies prove that a comet's tail can reach \(150\) million kilometres in length
comet-g07be15627_1920.jpg
A comet's tail is miles long

Later, the speaker points out how strong and mighty a comet can be. He does so by comparing the comet to a mountain.
 
Mountains are known for their strength and build. They are enormous, solid, and powerful. However, comets are bigger, stronger, and more powerful than the mountains.
mountains-gc0f7cb6b5_1920.jpg
Comets are bigger, stronger, and more powerful than mountains

In associating and comparing the comet with familiar and earthly objects such as cheetah and mountain, the speaker makes the readers familiarise themselves with the attributes of a comet. The comparisons help the readers understand the concept of a comet easier and better. From the second stanza, we have understood that a comet is extremely and unimaginably fast, big, and powerful.
 
Meanings of difficult words:
 
S.No
Words
Meanings
1
CheetahA wild animal of the cat family, with yellowish-brown fur and black spots, that can run faster than any other animal
2
MilesBy a great amount or a long way
3
AttributeA quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something
Reference:
State Council of Educational Research and Training (2019). Term-3 English Standard-9. The Comet- Norman Littleford (pp. 95). Published by the Tamil Nadu Textbook and Educational Services Corporation.