- John is a strong man.
- David is stronger than John.
- Martin is the strongest of all the three men.
|Adjective||Add 'er'||Add 'est'|
ending in 'e'
|Add 'r'||Add 'est'|
ending in 'y'
in one syllable
|Double the last consonant and add 'er'||Double the last consonant and add 'est'|
with more than two syllable
|Prefix 'more'||prefix 'most'|
|Difficult||More difficult||Most difficult|
It has to be noted that, to compare two qualities in the same object/person, 'er' cannot be used in the comparative. For example, These mangoes are more sour than sweet. Here two qualities of the same mango are discussed. Therefore 'er' is avoided and 'more' is used. In general comparison, it would have been "These mangoes are sweeter than apples".
|Late||Later, Latter||the latest|
|Old||Older, elder||the oldest, the eldest|