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A rational number is one that can be written as the ratio of two integers.

Example:

**i)**\(6 = 12/2\).

**ii)**\(9 = 27/3\).

**iii)**\(4 = 16/4\).

A number line is a way to visualize numbers by placing them along a line that shows their relative sizes.

**Order to represent the rational number on the number line:**

- We draw a line and mark a point \(O\) on it to represent the rational number \(0\).
- The positive rational numbers will be represented on the number line to the right side of \(O\).
- The negative rational numbers will be represented on the number line to the left side of \(O\).
- If we mark a point \(A\) on the line to the right of \(O\) to represent \(1\), then \(OA =\) \(1\) unit.
- Similarly, if we choose a point \(A'\) on the line to the left of \(O\) to represent \(-1\) then \(OA' =\) \(-1\) unit.

Now, we are going to represent the rational number \(1/2\) on the number line.

For this, we divide the segment \(OA\) into equal parts. Let \(P\) be the midpoint of segment \(OA\). Then, \(OP = PA = 1/2\) and also we divide the segment \(OA'\) into equal parts. In this \(P'\) be the midpoint of segment \(OA'\), then \(OP'= P'A = -1/2\).