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The word 'current' is defined as the flow of particles in a particular direction. For example, air currents cause winds, water currents, etc. Likewise, electric current is the flow of electric charges through a particular area in unit time.
Water currents
An electric current is generated by the motion of electric charges (electrons) through any conductor like copper wire. In other words, moving electrons generate an electric current.
The flow of electrons in a circuit
Have you ever noticed a river flowing through the channel or pathway while travelling on the outskirts of the city?
A river channel
When you observe a river channel, you can easily notice that the water flows from a higher level to a lower level.

Even air moves from a high-pressure region to a low-pressure region, thus creating winds. Likewise, in an electric circuit, the charges also flow in the same manner.
Unit of electric current:
Electric current or simply current is denoted by the symbol '\(I\)'. It is the total amount of charges flowing in a cross-section of a conductor in unit time.
Flow of charges in a conductor
If a net charge (\(Q\)) flows through any cross-section area of a conductor in unit time (\(t\)), then the current (\(I\)) flowing through the conductor is given as,
Current = ChargeTimeI = Qt
Electric current is a scalar quantity. The SI unit of the electric current is ampere (\(A\)). The unit 'ampere' is named after Andre-Marie Ampere, a French scientist.
One ampere is defined as the amount of current flowing through any cross-section of a conductor when one coulomb of charge flows through it in one second.
1ampere =1coulomb1second1A =1C1s
Other units in ampere:
There are some other units of ampere listed in the table below.
In ampere
\(10^3 A\)
\(10^6 A\)
\(10^{-3} A\)
\(\mu A\)
\(10^{-6} A\)