Theory:

Mountain Habitat
Mountain habitats are cold, windy. There is heavy rain present in these habitats.  
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In mountain regions large varieties of plants and animals are present.
 
Some adaptations found in the mountain trees are:
  • Trees are cone-shaped and have sloping branches.
  • Leaves of some of the plants are in a needle-like structure that helps the rainwater and snow to slide easily.
  • There are trees with shapes very different from others present in the mountains.
Some adaptations found in the mountain animals are:
  • Animals have thick skin or fur to protect from cold. For example - Yaks have long hair to keep them warm.
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  • Snow leopard has thick fur on its body including feet and toes (to protect from cold when it walks).
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  • Mountain goat has strong hooves (hard and rough feet) for running in the slopes.
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Grassland or Forest Habitat
Grassland habitat is characterized by a vast area of grasses, where as forest habitat is covered with a lot of trees and plants.
Some adaptations present in the grassland or the forest animals are:
  • The skin colour of a lion is a light brown that helps to hide in the habitat when it hunts for the prey
  • Long claws present in lion can be withdrawn inside the toes to catch the prey.
  • The eyes in front of a lion's face allows it to have a precise location of its prey.
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  • Deer has strong teeth for chewing the hard plant of the forest.
  • Deer has the ability to run faster to escape from the predator. Its long ears help it to hear movements of predators.
  • Eye of deer is present on the side of its head - allows it to look in all the directions.
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