Theory:

Wildlife Sanctuary
Sanctuary is a protected area reserved for the conservation of wild animals. It is the place where the wild animals remain safe. The wildlife sanctuary is a protected area created for the protection of wild animals in its natural environment.
Sanctuary protects and provides a suitable environment and living conditions in the natural habitat.
  • Poaching and hunting are strictly prohibited.
  • Activities like grazing, collection of medicinal plants and firewood are allowed.
  • Threatened wild animals like blackbuck, white-eyed buck, golden cat, pink-headed duck, marsh crocodile, python, elephants, gharialetc., are protected and preserved in their natural environment.
  • Indian wildlife sanctuaries have different flora and fauna with unique landscapes - broad level forests, mountain forests and bushlands in deltas of big rivers.
Important!
India has more than \(500\) wildlife sanctuaries!
Some of the wildlife sanctuaries present in India:
  • Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary
national-parks-on-india-map.jpg
 
A zoological park or zoo is a large garden or a park containing many species of animals and plants brought from the different parts of the world, which are kept in cages to see them.
National park:
The large area is protected and maintained by the government to preserve flora and fauna, the landscape, and the historical objects of the area.
  • People can enter and view flora and fauna along with the natural landscape of the park.
  • It is used for recreational activities and also for educational purposes.
  • Human activities like mining, poaching, hunting are not allowed.
Some of the national parks found in India:
  • Jim Corbett National Park
  • Satpura National Park
  • Gir National Park
  • Kanha National Park
  • Kaziranga National Park
  • Mudumalai National Park and wildlife sanctuary
  • Mukurthi National Park
national-parks-in-india-map.jpg
 
The first forest reserve of India is the finest teak present in the forest. There is the presence of rock shelters which are evidence of the pre-historic life of humans in jungles. The lifestyle of the primitive people who lived long ago was depicted as rock paintings.
 
Rock paintings depict figures of men fighting, hunting, and playing musical instruments etc. Around \(55\) rock shelters are identified in the Satpura National park, including the tiger, leopard, wild boar, wild buffaloes.
 
Important!
Satpura tiger reserve in Satpura National park is part of the Project Tiger.
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in \(1972\) by the Government of India to protect the tigers present in India. The project was launched on 1st April\(1973\) and aimed to ensure the survival and maintenance of the tiger population. \(28\) Tiger reserves are present in India that the Project Tiger governs.
 
1024px-Royal_bengal_tiger_play.jpg
Bengal tigers
 
Project Elephant is a wildlife conservation project to protect elephants.
 
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Asiatic elephants
 
Project rhino is  a wildlife conservation project to protect the one-horned rhinoceros.
 
Indian_One_Horned_Rhino_2.jpg
Indian one-horned rhinoceros
Reference:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/33/Royal_bengal_tiger_play.jpg/1024px-Royal_bengal_tiger_play.jpg
https://www.pxfuel.com/en/free-photo-qeafv/download
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3d/Indian_One_Horned_Rhino_2.jpg/1024px-Indian_One_Horned_Rhino_2.jpg