In the solar system, the outermost planets are Uranus and Neptune. These two planets are referred to as 'Ice giants'. Uranus and Neptune are near twin in size and surface composition. With the help of large telescopes, these two planets can be observed.
The seventh planet, Uranus (Indra), appears blue-green. Being the third biggest giant, Uranus is surrounded by \(13\) faint rings with \(27\) natural satellites revolving around it.
Uranus is similar to Venus in rotating from east to west. It has a highly tilted rotational axis which makes the orbital motion of the planet appear to spin on its side. This unique tilt makes Uranus appear to orbit the Sun like a rolling ball. The period of rotation is \(17.2\ hours\), and the period of revolution is \(84\ years\).
Rotation of Uranus around the Sun
The eighth planet, Neptune (Varun), is the farthest in the solar system. This blue colour planet is the only planet which is not visible to the naked eye. This last ice giant is made up of hydrogen and helium in liquid form. No life can exist on this dark, cold planet. It is \(3.9\) times larger than the Earth. Neptune is the windiest planet with \(14\) satellites revolving around it. The period of rotation is \(16.1\ hours\), and the period of revolution is \(165\ years\).
The ninth planet:
There were a total of nine planets in the solar system till \(2006\). The ninth planet, Pluto, was the farthest planet from the Sun. In \(2006\), the International Astronomical Union (IAU) framed a new definition and conditions for a celestial object to be a planet. Since Pluto did not satisfy those criteria of a planet, the Union announced was no longer a planet.
Pluto is considered a dwarf planet since it does not satisfy the criteria to be a planet. A dwarf planet is not a satellite but a celestial body in a spherical shape. A dwarf planet also follows the same conditions as a planet. The only difference is that the orbit of Pluto does not have a clear neighbourhood. Hence, it is categorised as a dwarf planet.