The system of naming organisms is known as Nomenclature.
Importance of nomenclature
Nomenclature is a system that helps people to identify an organism with a standard name anywhere in the world.
The system of nomenclature names the organism by a name that mentions the genus and species name of the organism. This concept of giving name which denotes the genus and species for the organism is known as binomial nomenclature.
Binomial nomenclature was introduced by Carolus Linnaeus (Karl von Linne), a doctor. Hence, he was known as the father of taxonomy.
In binomial nomenclature the name consists of two parts: a generic and a specific epithet.
- The generic name or genus name starts with a capital letter, and the species name starts with a small letter.
- The scientific name of the organism is always written in italics.
- When handwritten, the genus name and species name should be underlined separately.
Lion: Panthera leo
Tiger: Panthera Tigris
Mango: Mangifera indica are some of the examples.
Carolus Linnaeus was born in Sweden and was very much interested in the study of plants. He published his first paper on plants at the age of \(22\).
He served as a personal physician of a wealthy government official. He studied the diversity of plants in his employer's garden and published \(14 \)papers and books named Systema Naturae, from which all fundamental taxonomical research has taken off.
The system of classification given by him was a simple way of arranging plants to be easily identified again.
Example of binomial nomenclature