The study of plants belonging to a specific region and their uses through the traditional knowledge of the local culture of people is known as ethnobotany.
J.W. Harshberger coined the term ethnobotany in \(1895 \) to describe the study of primitive and aboriginal people. Ethnobotany is a centuries-old discipline that became a separate academic branch of natural science in the 20th century.
Aspects of ethnobotany:
This study has a connection with problems of nutrition, health care and life support system, faith in plants, cottage industries, conservation of biodiversity, and economic upliftment.
Importance of Ethnobotany:
  • The traditional uses of plants are provided by this study.
  • The information about certain useful unknown plants is provided by ethnobotany.
  • The ethnomedicinal data serves as a useful source of information for chemists, pharmacologists and people who practice herbal medicine.
  • The ethnomedicinal plant parts like bark, stem, flowers, roots, flower buds, fruits, seeds, oils, resins, dyes, gum for the treatment of diseases such as fever, headache, diabetes, diarrhoea, jaundice, snakebites, leprosy, etc. are used by tribal communities.