What is self pollination?
The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same flower or another flower on the same plant is known as self-pollination.
It is also known as autogamy and is seen in bisexual flowers (that contain both stamens and pistil) like Hibiscus.
Advantages of self pollination:
- In bisexual flowers, self-pollination is possible.
- It does not depend on the agents for pollination.
- Pollen grains are not wasted.
Disadvantages of self-pollination:
- Less number of seeds are produced.
- Due to limited amount of endosperm, seeds produce weak plants.
- New varieties of plants cannot be produced.
The transfer of pollen grains from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of a flower on another plant of the same species is known as cross pollination.
Advantages of cross pollination:
- Cross-pollination results in the formation of new varieties because the seeds produced by cross-pollination develop and germinate properly and grow into better plants.
- Comparatively, more viable seeds are produced.
Disadvantages of cross-pollination:
- There are high chances for pollination failure due to the distance barrier.
- Pollen grains are wasted in high amounts.
- Cross-pollination may result in the generation of unwanted characters.
- It depends on external factors for pollination.