Animal Welfare Organizations:
Animal welfare organizations are the group of people concerned with health, safety and psychological wellness of animals.
They include animal rescue groups that help animals in distress and others that help animals suffering from some epidemic.
Blue Cross is an animal welfare charity that is registered in the United Kingdom. It was founded in \(1897\) as ‘Our Dumb Friends League’. The vision of blue cross is that every pet enjoys a healthy life in a happy home.
Roles and Responsibilities of Blue cross:
1. It provides support for owners of pet who cannot afford private veterinary treatment.
2. Blue cross helps to find homes for unwanted animals.
3. Educates public about the responsibilities of animal ownership.
Blue Cross was founded to care for working horses on the streets of London, United Kingdom. Blue cross opened its first animal hospital, in Victoria, London, on \(15\) \(May\) \(1906\).
Captain V. Sundaram founded the Blue Cross of India. It is the largest animal welfare organization present in Asia in Chennai in the year \(1959\). He was an Indian pilot and an animal welfare activist.
Now, Blue Cross of India is the country’s largest animal welfare organization, which runs several animal welfare events like pet adaptation and animal rights awareness.
Blue Cross of India has received several national and international awards. It is entirely looked after by volunteers. The main office is situated at Guindy, Chennai, with amenities like hospitals, shelters, ambulance services and animal birth controls, etc.
Activities of the organization include:
1. Providing shelters for animals.
4. Animal birth control
5. Maintaining hospitals and mobile dispensary
6. Providing ambulance services for animals.
CPCSEA stands for ‘The Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals’. It is a statutory committee set up under the Preservation of Cruelty to Animals Act, \(1960\).
It has been functioning since \(1991\) to ensure that animals are not subjected to unnecessary suffering during experiments on them. It monitors animal experiments through ethics committees set up in institutions. The committee is composed of members of the scientific community, regulatory authorities and animal activists.
Objectives of CPCSEA
1. To avoid unnecessary pain before and after the experiment.
2. To promote human care of animal used in experiments.
3. To provide guidelines for animal housing, breeding and maintenances.
4. To promote human care of animal used in biomedical and behavioural research and testing.
Functions of CPCSEA
1. Approval of animal house facilities.
2. Permission for conducting experiments involving the usage of animals
3. Action against establishments in case of established violation
4. Registration of establishments conducting animal experimentation or breeding of animals for this purpose.