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Theory:

Research institutions for agriculture:
Agricultural research institutions formulate agricultural practices based on recent results obtained from research and farmers' needs.
They use the research information for people's welfare and use suitable media and methods. Indian Agricultural Research Institute and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research are few institutions involved in agricultural research.
 
Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
The \(IARI\) is a national institute for agricultural research, education and extension. \(IARI\) is commonly called the Pusa Institute. It is administrated and financially supported by the \(ICAR\) (Indian Council of Agricultural Research).
\(IARI\) was responsible for research that led to the green revolution in India during the \(1970\)s. The policies, plans, and programs of \(IARI\) help meet the nation needs. \(IARI\) developed high-yielding varieties of major crops.
 
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Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
The \(ICAR\) is an autonomous body responsible for carrying out and coordinating agricultural education and research in India. The union minister of agriculture serves as its president. It functions under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture
 
\(ICAR\) is the largest network of educational institutes and agricultural research in the world.

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ICAR - NRRI
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (\(KVK\))
Krishi Vigyan Kendra is a farm science centre. The centre serves as a link between \(ICAR\) (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) and the farmers.\( KVK \)aims to apply the findings of agricultural research into practical localised settings.
 
The first \(KVK\) was established in the year \(1974\) in Pondicherry. Since then, \(KVKs\) have been established in all the states. \(KVK\)s are expected to undertake their own projects and to serve as a resource centre for extending government initiatives to local areas.
 
\(KVKs\) can be formed under various host institutions, including agricultural universities, state departments, \(ICAR\) institutes, other educational institutions or non-government organisations.
Roles and Responsibilities of \(KVK\)
  • Each \(KVK\) implements a small farm to test new technologies like seed varieties or innovative farming methods developed by \(ICAR\) institutes. This implementation allows new technologies to be tested at the local level before being transferred to farmers.
  • \(KVKs\) organise programs to test and show the efficacy of new technologies on the farmer's fields.
  • \(KVKs\) organise workshops that discuss modern farming techniques with various groups of farmers.
  • \(KVKs\) provide advisory to the farmers about weather and market pricing through mobile phones and radio.
  • \(KVKs\) focuses on the growth of crops and various cultivation methods.
  • \(KVKs\) also facilitate the link between the institution and the local farmer community.
Reference:
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