The system of naming organisms is known as Nomenclature.
Importance of nomenclature:
Nomenclature is a system that helps people to identify an organism with a standard name anywhere in the world.
The nomenclature system names the organism by a name that contains the genus and species name of the organism. This concept of giving term, which denotes the genus and species of the organism, is known as binomial nomenclature.
The naming of organisms with two names is known as binomial nomenclature.
The term was introduced by Gaspard Bauhin in \(1623\), and was implemented by Carolus Linnaeus in \(1753\) in his book 'Species Plantarum'. Hence Carolus Linnaeus was known as the father of modern taxonomy.
Binomial nomenclature is a universal system of naming organisms. According to this system, the name consists of two parts:
- a generic - starts with a capital letter
- a specific epithet - starts with a small letter
The nomenclature for mango is Mangifera indica
Genus name is Mangifera
Species name is indica
Example of binomial nomenclature
- Thoothuvalai: Solanum trilobatum
- Kuppaimeni: Acalypha indica
- Onion: Allium sativum
The local name, which is familiar for a particular place, is known as a vernacular name.
The binomial name is a universal name that never changes. The classification and binomial nomenclature of organisms help the scientists to identify any organisms and place them at a particular hierarchy.
Scientific names of some organisms: