Theory:

3. Floriculture or flower farming:
The art of cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants in gardens for beauty or floristry is known as floriculture.
This type of horticulture is concerned with the cultivation of traditional flowers, cut flowers, bedding plants, foliage potted plants, arboriculture trees, turfgrass for various uses such as beautification and different value-added products such as essential oils, pharmaceutical and nutraceutical compounds.
 
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Flower farming
Example:
Geraniums (Pelargonium), Busy lizzies (Impatiens), Chrysanthemum and Petunia etc.
Uses of flowers:
 
Flowers are used for various purposes as follows:
  • Flowers are used for various decoration purposes.
  • For personal needs, religious and ceremonial offerings.
  • They are the reason behind the colour and beauty of a garden.
  • They play a significant role in increasing the economy of a country.
4. Landscape gardening:
The study of designing and constructing landscapes in homes, business firms and public areas to imitate natural scenery is known as landscape gardening.
 
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Landscape gardening
Uzhavan App:
Uzhavan (farmer) is a mobile application launched by the Government of Tamil Nadu. This is an app the farmers can use to collect various information about farm subsidies, farm equipments, crop insurance and weather condition. This app also provides information about the available stock of seeds and fertilizers in local government and private stores.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY):
\(PMFBY\)is an agricultural crops insurance scheme introduced by the Government of India on \(18th\) February \(2016\). In this scheme, the Government of India provides insurance cover and financial assistance to farmers.